Studies of several areas, such as psychology and neurosciences, present early childhood as the crucial stage for human development. It is very important to pay close attention to the development milestones from 0 to 3 years. This phase comprises brain development, and consequently the necessary connections for motor, cognitive and socioemotional gains. This period extends from gestation to the sixth year of age, and in the period from 0 to 1 year the brain increases in size by 110% and 75% of the baby’s energy is directed to the brain.
It is not for nothing that children are compared to sponges when it comes to knowledge. Learning is the main focus of these early years. And we see babies learning new things and overcoming obstacles daily. With that in mind, we have gathered here some ideas for you.
Check out the child’s development milestones from 0 to 3 years:
0 – 1 year
The baby develops intensely from 0 to 12 months. When he is born, he is able to recognize the voice of the people around him, and he can already remember the sounds he heard in intrauterine life, like the mother’s voice. His vision develops over the months, becoming clear only around the eighth month of life. The movements, initially disordered, gradually become more elaborate, demonstrating interest and intention. The development of postural tonus makes it possible for it to support the baby’s head at three months, allowing the child to sit with some help at 6 months, without help at 9 months and able to stand with help at 11 months.
1 – 2 years
On average, the baby begins to walk at the age of 1 year and 3 months. This progress allows the child to be able to climb up furniture at around 1 year and 6 months old and run and descend stairs around the age of 2 years. Also, among those 12 months, the weaning usually occurs. The child is more sociable and can perform small activities with help, such as dressing, brushing their teeth or drawing. As for speech, between one and two years old the child is acquiring vocabulary. Children then try some sounds resembling words around 12 months, and by 24 months old they learn to speak few punctual words and to form small phrases.
2 – 3 years
Children between 2 and 3 years old show a better control of their bodies. This allows potty training, feeding by themselves and also enables the predilection for the left or right side of the body. In this period, children have a greater control and understanding of speech, so at age 3, it is common for children to sing, tell stories and keep small dialogues. The concentration span increases, so children can learn some concepts, imagine stories and play with friends in a spontaneous way.
Early childhood is the basis for adulthood, and it is at this stage that children build and mold their supports of trust and belonging, vital for future years. That is why bonds of and affection are so important.
And here are some tips to help you in this process:
0 – 3 months
Talk and show physical affection to your baby. Touching is essential. Encourage your child to notice where sounds come from and to pick up objects.
3 – 6 months
Encourage the baby to change position and interact with different toys and objects.
6 – 12 months
Read tales and stories for your kid. Sing and listen to music (the PlayKids App is great for that, with many videos and games such as the Crazy Piano Game and the sleeping wagon, which features lullabies). Teach jokes and gestures (waving, high-fiving, sending a kiss, clapping). Show simple commands like “take the toy” or “take the spoon”.
1 – 3 years
Teach different words and contexts through videos, books, music, and complete sentences – Tip: The PlayKids Original Content “I Love to Learn” presents colors, numbers and everyday situations for the child in a fun way. Encourage the child to speak for himself, and talk to the child not talk for the child.
Allow your child to play alone, with parents, with other children, let her explore the environment and materials, create stories, learn to share and live the fun.
Give small tasks to the little one, allow them to store the objects after the game and have some responsibilities.
Talk to your little one, and enjoy this great phase that goes by so quickly!
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